In a welcome immigration-related development, U.S administration has proposed increasing the annual allotment of H-2B visas for temporary nonagricultural workers. As employers have long argued, the current cap is woefully inadequate to meet the demand for workers in seasonal industries.
The H-2B program is designed for seasonal work. Some of the most common occupations among H-2B workers are grounds keeping, landscaping, and housekeeping. The H-2B program also encompasses seasonal work in resort towns, amusement parks, and other venues where employment increases dramatically for only part of the year.
The number of H-2B visas that can be given out each year is capped by law at 66,000. The allotment of these visas is staggered, with 33,000 designated for the first half of each fiscal year and another 33,000 for the second half.
The departments of Homeland Security and Labor are now poised to increase the summer allotment by 30,000 visas—which will be given to workers who have worked in the U.S. on H-2B visas before. This would bring the total for the fiscal year to 96,000, which is the largest number of H-2B visas handed out since 2007 under the presidency of George W. Bush.
The fundamental dilemma confronting seasonal employers is that most native-born workers are in the market for year-round employment, not jobs that are seasonal in nature. This explains why employers can’t find sufficient numbers of native-born workers to fill some types of available jobs.